Scope of Engineering: Branch options after Class 12

Engineering is a four years course for a bachelor’s degree. After 12, there are several state and national level entrance exams that an aspirant needs to crack to get admission in an engineering college. Even if you secure a decent mark, the engineering discipline you choose will play a chief role in your career. There are several new branches that the government of India introduced in the engineering curriculum. Every college excels in one or two branches among the others. Choosing the perfect trade and college for you might be an overwhelming job for a school pass out. But no need to worry because this article will clear all your doubt regarding the ruling branches of engineering and the best colleges to study. Not only that but also your job role and best job offering companies based on your discipline, everything we got undercover in this article.

Branches of engineering


There are six oldest and most popular branches of engineering. These traditional braches attract most of the student mass. But other than the core branches, now many other branches stole the limelight, such as aerospace or aeronautical engineering, chemical engineering, agriculture engineering, etc. Today we will talk about the ruling six branches of engineering that have the largest scope on the aspect of placement opportunity.

1. Mechanical engineering

One of the core branches and oldest branch in engineering is mechanical engineering. Evident from the name, this branch of engineering deals with machinery design, production, and maintenance. This is a stream mostly related to on-field works. As a mechanical engineer, you have to study statics, dynamics, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, stress analysis, mechanical analysis, and technical drawing.

As a mechanical engineer, one has to do the following tasks:

  • Designing mechanical types of equipment and devices.
  • Investigation of equipment failure.
  • Hardware implementation.
  • Testing of the prototype.
  • Analyzing the prototype based on test results and then improves or make changes accordingly.
  • Manufacturing the pieces of equipment.

Best colleges to study mechanical engineering

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, Chennai
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Mumbai
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, New Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar-Rupnagar
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Patna
  • Indian Institute of Technology, North Guwahati
  • National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli
  • Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore 

Best job offering companies

  •  Escorts
  •  Tecumseh
  •  Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)
  •  BHEL
  •  NTPC
  •  NHPC
  •  JCB
  •  Hero Honda
  •  Railways, Armed forces and
  •  Software companies like TCS, Infosys, and L&T, and other small scale industries.

Higher studies opportunities

There are several higher study opportunities for a mechanical student. You can join any IIT or IISc after cracking the GATE with good numbers. Through GATE, many PSUs will also hire you. The courses offered by many top colleges of India for higher studies in mechanical engineering are:

  • Automobile Engineering
  • Thermal Engineering
  • Industrial Eng Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechatronics Engineering
  • Energy Engineering & Management, Engineering Design 
  • Computer-Aided Design & Manufacturing 
  • Product Design and Development 
  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing 
  • Material Technology

Current developing technologies

  • 3d printing
  • Nanotechnology
  • Internet of things (IoT)
  • Electric vehicles
  • CAD-CAM sustainability

2. Civil engineering

One of the broadest core branches of engineering is civil engineering. If you are interested in building infrastructure, then civil engineering is the branch for you. Not only buildings but nationwide projects like roadways, railways, or any other transport system and dam, canal, etc. Everything comes under the job of a civil engineer. A civil engineer has to study subjects like structural engineering, transportation engineering, geotechnical engineering, fluid mechanics, environmental engineering, surveying, etc.

As a civil engineer one has to do the following tasks:

  • Site investigation
  • Designing of infrastructure
  • Load designing
  • Tendering and supervising the tendering procedure
  • Budget management and project management
  • Material and equipment purchasing and delivering to the worksite
  • Ensuring the safety of workers and legal ensuring of the construction.
  • Making the project environmentally sustainable

Best colleges to study civil engineering

  • Indian Institute of Technology Bombay.
  • IIT, Delhi
  • IIT, Kanpur
  • IIT, Kharagpur
  • IIT, Madras
  • IIT, Roorkee
  • BITS Pilani
  • IIT BHU Varanasi
  • IIT Guwahati
  • NIT Trichy
  • Delhi Technological University
  • Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal.
  • College of Engineering, Pune.
  • SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai.
  • Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore.
  • RV College of Engineering, Bangalore.
  • Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore.

Best job offering companies

  • Afcons Infrastructure Limited.
  • Punj Lloyd.
  • Newton Engineering & Chemicals Ltd.
  • Consolidated Construction Consortium Ltd (CCCL)
  • Akme Projects Ltd.
  • Anant Raj Industries Limited.
  • B Seenaiah & Company (Projects) Ltd (BSCPL)
  • BGR Energy Systems Ltd.
  • Bridge and Roof Co (India) Limited
  • Coastal Projects Pvt Ltd (CPPL)
  • Dsc Limited
  • CQRA
  • East Coast Construction and Industries Ltd.
  • Gammon India Ltd

Higher studies opportunities

As a civil engineer, there are several opportunities to join for masters or management courses. Through gate or individual entrance examination of different colleges, you can approach for higher studies in civil engineering. Such as NICMAR is a renowned institution for management courses in civil engineering such as:

  • PGP ACM
  • PGP PEM
  • PGP REUM
  • PGP IFDM
  • PGP CSCDM

Other than these courses, one can get admission in M.tech through the gate in the following subjects:

  • Structural Engineering
  • Environment Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Construction Management
  • Traffic and Transportation Engineering
  • Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering
  • Geo-informatics
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Water Resource Engineering

Current developing technologies

The current trends in the civil engineering stream are:

  • Virtual reality and augmented reality
  • Building information modeling (BIM)
  • Demand for sustainable design
  • Use of drones in the mainstream construction

3. Electrical engineering

Electrical engineering is a discipline related to electric generating, distribution, and supply. Not only that but the development of pieces of equipment, design, and service comprises this steam. Earlier all the devices related to electric circuits came under the electrical engineering discipline, but later the equipment of small circuits and much circuit-related equipment’s study came out as a different discipline of engineering as electronics engineering. The subjects that an electrical engineer needs to study are electro-magnetism, control system, electricity technology and machines, circuit analysis, electrical engineering material, transmission and distribution, instrumentation, microprocessor interfacing, power engineering, thermodynamics.

As an electrical engineer, one has to do the following tasks:

  • Evaluating the electric generation system, or power plant components, their application, and designing.
  • Designing the pieces of equipment depending on the capacity required
  • Testing of the system
  • Establishing the distribution system
  • Supplying electricity to every part under the radar uninterruptedly
  • Maintaining the pieces of equipment of the distribution system as well as the power plant
  • Analyzing customer demand and providing service accordingly
  • Keeping the database of the power consumption of the consumers

Best colleges to study electrical engineering

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Birla Institute Of Technology And Science (BITS), Pilani
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
  • College of Engineering, Pune
  • College of Engineering, Chennai
  • NIT Trichy, Tiruchirapalli
  • SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
  • Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
  • PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore
  • Indian Institute of Technology Madras
  • Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara
  • Delhi Technological University, Delhi

Best job offering companies

  • SAIL
  • NTPC
  • BHEL
  • NSPCL
  • Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd
  • BALCO
  • Jindal Steel & Power Limited
  • GAIL
  • Tata Steel & Power Limited
  • State Electricity Board
  • TRF Ltd
  • TRL
  • Hindustan Motor
  • Tata Metallic
  • Tata Motors
  • ALSTOM India Power project
  • Bhushan Steel
  • Durgapur steel plant
  • ISRO
  • OMEGA Elevator
  • CONE Elevator
  • Everest Industry
  • ZENITH Construction etc
  • L&T Construction and STEEL
  • Jay Balaji Steel
  • Havells India ltd
  • Siemens ltd
  • ABB India ltd
  • Crompton Greaves Consumer Electrical Ltd
  • Bajaj Electricals Ltd
  • Polycab India Ltd
  • V-Guard Industries Ltd
  • Finolex Cables Ltd
  • Orient Electric Ltd

Higher studies opportunities

The courses offered in higher studies for electrical engineering are:

  • Power
  • Control
  • Electronics
  • Microelectronics
  • Signal processing
  • Telecommunication
  • Instrumentation
  • Computers
  • Mechatronics

Current developing technologies

The latest trends in electrical engineering are:

  • Smart grids
  • Electrical vehicles
  • Wireless wearable
  • Prefabricated products
  • Energy-saving lighting technologies
  • Internet of things (IoT)
  • Artificial intelligence

4. Electronics and communication engineering

The chief question that arises is, what is the difference between electrical and electronics engineering? Well, there is not much difference the electronics and communication engineering deals mainly with the equipment’s parts of the electrical circuit, and the communication part is also there. With the invention of the radio and the telegraph, the need for communication engineering came into the picture. Earlier it was radio engineering, which later became electronics and communication engineering. The subjects that you need to study in the course are Digital Communication Techniques, Adaptive Signal Processing, Antenna System Design, Wireless Networks, Statistical Signal Processing, Radar & Navigational Systems, Optical Communication and Networks, VLSI Signal Processing.

As an Electronics and communication engineer one has to do the following tasks:

  • Design, repair and modify an electronic instrument
  • Analyze the needs of the customer and develop the types of equipment accordingly
  • Propose system improvements and implement them
  • Testing of the device or equipment
  • Develop electronic software for commercial use

Best colleges to study Electronics and communication engineering

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Hyderabad
  • Delhi Technological University
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Varanasi
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Guwahati
  • National Institute of Technology (NITK), Surathkal
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Warangal
  • Indian School of Mines (ISM), Dhanbad
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Trichy

Best job offering companies

  • BEL
  • DMRC
  • Siemens
  • Texas Instruments
  • Intel
  • nVIDIA
  • Philips Electronics
  • Motorola
  • Samsung
  • Conexant and Flextronics
  • DRDO
  • ISRO
  • Infosys
  • TCS
  • Wipro
  • Accenture
  • HCL Technologies
  • Tech Mahindra

Higher studies opportunities

The specializations offered after your completion of B.tech are:

  • Signal Processing
  • Telecommunications Engineering
  • Control Engineering
  • Instrumentation Engineering
  • Computer Engineering
  • VLSI design Engineering

Current developing technologies

  • Flexible display
  • Memristor
  • Electronic skin and tongue
  • 3D biometrics
  • Electronic nose
  • Molecular electronics
  • Nanoelectromechanical system
  • Spintronics
  • E-Textiles
  • Molybdenum Disulfide

5. Computer science engineering

Computer science is the most popular engineering branch in recent days. The rapidly growing IT industry is one of the key reasons behind it. An essential part of our lives, computer science engineering is basic to every engineering branch. It mainly concerns with the prototype for various projects. Developing software is running them smoothly that we need almost everywhere in our lives personally or professionally is the chief concern in computer science. The subjects a computer science engineer needs to study during their course are programming, introduction to the algorithm, data structures, operating system, computer architecture, computer networks, embedded systems, parallel computing, etc.

As a Computer science engineer one has to do the following tasks:

  • Developing software and computer hardware
  • Researching about them and modify them
  • Writing software for mobile and computer
  • Testing the software
  • Network set up and designing them
  • Implementing operation system and managing it
  • Robot software designing and testing
  • Developing application and games and testing them

Best colleges to study Computer science engineering

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Trichy
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Surathkal
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Warangal
  • Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST)

Best job offering companies

  • TCS
  • Infosys
  • Wipro
  • HCL
  • Accenture
  • Cognizant
  • Microsoft
  • IBM
  • Adobe
  • Google
  • Accenture
  • Cisco
  • Oracle
  • Sun Microsystems
  • Yahoo
  • Tech Mahindra
  • Mahindra Satyam

Higher studies opportunities

  • Computer architecture and organization
  • Database systems
  • Electronics
  • Operating systems
  • Networking
  • Foundations of Computer Systems
  • Java Programming and Website Design
  • E-Commerce & ERP and Multimedia Applications

Current developing technologies

  • Big data analytics
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Cybersecurity
  • Edge computing
  • Virtual reality
  • Blockchain
  • Robotics Process Automation (RPA)
  • Internet of things (IoT)

6. Information technology engineering

Information technologies is the analysis of applications. Designing, creating, and executing; everything comes beneath the radar of information technologies engineering. The one easy question you could have is what’s the difference between computer science and information technology? Well, to put it in simple words, there is very little difference in them. Formerly there was the sole branch linked to applications, computer science technology, but afterward a hardcore software-related division came to the picture, which in information engineering. The topics you will study in your class of information technologies are Object-Oriented Programming, Software Engineering, Database Management Systems, Internet Technologies, Design and Evaluation of Algorithms, Computer Architecture, Computer Networks, Operating Systems, Digital Signal Processing.

As an Information technology engineer, one has to do the following tasks:

  • Software installing in several hardware components
  • Regularly checking the system for errors
  • Network administration
  • Storing data safely
  • Providing software services to different companies
  • Analysis of the customer remarks and ensure the smooth running of the software
  • Ethically handling all the client data and give them security

Best colleges to study Information technology engineering

  • Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT TRICHY, Tiruchirapalli
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT Warangal)
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University, NEW DELHI
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Mangalore
  •  Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology Gandhinagar
  • Birla Institute of Technology Patna
  • NIT Surathkal
  • MNIT Allahabad
  • Manipal Institute of Technology Manipal
  •  PSG College of Technology Coimbatore
  •  Jadavpur University (Faculty of Engineering & Technology) Kolkata
  • VJTI Mumbai
  •  R.V.College of Engineering Bangalore

Best job offering companies

  • Facebook
  • Google
  • Microsoft
  • LinkedIn
  • IBM
  • E-bay
  • Adobe
  • Amazon
  • Apple 
  • Cisco
  • HP
  • Intel 
  • Oracle
  • Salesforce
  • Samsung 
  • SpaceX
  • Tesla 
  • Qualcomm

Higher studies opportunities

  • Cloud computing from K L University
  • MSc in Information Technology from Mahatma Gandhi University Delhi
  • Cybersecurity and digital forensics from K L University

Current developing technologies

  • AI
  • BlockChain
  • Cyber Security as a Critical Business Function
  • Drones
  • Edge Computing
  • IoT
  • Quantum Computing
  • Virtual Reality/Augmented Reality
  • 5G

Engineering is the most desirable and common study branch in India. Every year India produces 1.5 million engineers from 4000 colleges, which is more than the number of engineer china and the US produces together. So the competition is very high in India if you want to get a good job with a decent salary to get into a good college. Most importantly, don’t choose to engineer just because a random uncle or your relative told you so. Be clear with your dreams, goals, and grounds. Engineering is not a gold mine where anyone or everyone will dig gold out of the well.

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